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双语科技百科(化学) 第47期:瓷器的发展【凯旋门国际平台】
2021-01-17 [42486]

开发Porcelain陶瓷it ' s widely acknowledged that Porcelain was invented by Chinese . after several thousand years of hard work The early pay陶瓷最先出现在对手和周代的奴隶制社会中。Porcelain as suchwas,in its initial stage,Known now as the proto-celadonl from which porcelain developed independently . whereas poosa considerable number of Shang and Zhou proto-celadon vessels have been unearthed in many provinces in the Huang he river(yellow river)Which is a fine,pure material suitable for making high quality porce-lain . the firing temperature was at least l,200 degrees celsius他们被烧成白色的瓷土和高岭土(原产江西省富梁县高岭村的矿物土),这些材料更容易烧出高质量的凯旋门国际平台首页陶瓷,工件温度为1000至1200,远高于陶瓷的工件温度。

porcelain making be-came steadily popular in the warring States peri-od,when it began to step out of its primitive state。陶瓷产业稳步发展Early in the western Han dynasty whole sets of celadon vessels were manufactured,According to spea mens of western Han vessels that were ex据在江苏省沛县发掘的西汉早期陶器显示,当时已经开始生产一套陶瓷碗。耳杯、砂锅、花瓶、易拉罐、三水电子、盒子等柔软细腻,釉有光泽。另外,考古中还发现了大量汉代陶瓷,说明当时陶瓷已经大量生产。

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白瓷经常出现在北朝时代,白瓷的出现往往为釉下彩和釉上瓷的发展奠定基础。到隋朝和唐朝,陶瓷有了进一步的新发展,颜色非常丰富,样式精致。另外,釉料的成分中含有多种金属氧化物,燃烧釉料下面的颜料后,会产生异彩。white porcelain was invented during the northern dynasties(386-581),Which laid a foundation for the invention of under glazed and也就是说,在陶瓷面团干之前,用刀在陶瓷上刻上花纹印章,然后涂上釉烤。

到了宋、辽、金等时期,人们要在陶瓷轮胎上画图案,标志着中国陶瓷艺术进入了一个全新的发展阶段。In the song dynasty,porcelain kilns mushroomed in different places,While porcelain schools re presentative of particular regions appeaative陶瓷质地精美,高贵,色彩非常丰富,工作出色,加上当时的各种社会影响,陶瓷生产的数量、形状、色彩、图案都超过了最高点。the yuan dynasty saw continuous new developments in the art of porcelain making which contributed to different types of famous wares . porcelain-。

Ming porcelain decoration FEA-tured landscapes,portraits,and flower-and-bird and other paintings,While most of the Qing paintings 明代陶瓷图案精美,减少自然景观和画像,明清时期景德镇沦为瓷器业中心,并设立了“瓷”,使景德镇窑在瓷器业占据领先地位,为陶瓷的进一步提高做出了巨大贡献。景德镇in江西province was The center of porcelain production in China during The Ming and gting dynasties . lts kilns have contributed me The中国' s various dynasties have seen a wealth of wares including the green yue ware of yue Zhou,xing white porcelain ware of xingzhou,dingfrom the south they were shipped by sea to neighboring Asian countries and then to north AFR ICD and Mediterranean countries .not until the i5th centh Y did they reach Europe and so have the world wide impact that provided their brilliant page in the history of world civilization但是中国陶瓷直到15世纪才运到欧洲,从此在世界文明史上写下了顶峰的一页。

todi,Every Chinese province or autonomous region turns out ceramics with local features or in the style of the ethnic group of the area . people in the-凯旋门国际平台。

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